Persistent and Severe Headache Symptoms
Severe headache, nausea, weakness in arms and legs… all these symptoms can be considered a precursor to the brain tumor. In addition, brain tumors in patients with speech disorders, hearing loss and psychological problems can be seen.
The incidence of brain tumors in itoplimum is 3-5 people in 100 thousand. It can be seen at any age from neonatal period to advanced age groups. Men and whites are relatively common. The type of tumor differs according to age ranges. In women, benign tumors, children and over 60 years of age are more likely to have malignant brain tumors. Brain tumors can spread to other parts of the brain, such as the brain’s own cells.
Mobile phone increases risk
Factors that cause brain tumors are not known for sure, but some factors increase the risk. They can be listed as follows::
- Family history
- The white race
- Male gender
- Exposure to radiation
- Mobile phone use
Persistent headache and personality change should be taken care of The most common symptom of brain tumors is headache and seizures. Severe headaches, nausea, vomiting, visual disturbances, and decreased hearing may be the precursors of brain tumors. In addition to experiencing weakness and numbness in a specific area of the body, personality changes, thinking, speech, remembering and concentration problems can also be seen. However, it should not be forgotten that these symptoms may arise as the causes of different diseases.
Surgery is the first option in treatment
In the diagnosis of brain tumors, the gold standard is MRI. After the tumor has been removed, it is examined in the pathology laboratory and gives precise information about the type. Treatment of brain tumors is usually surgery. Regional radiotherapy or whole brain radiotherapy in some tumors to treatment can be added. Surgery is done by brain biopsy or microsurgery. With technological advances and increased surgical experience, the risk of complications in both methods decreases and the rate of success increases.Microsurgery prevents damage to sensitive areas
Deep seated and does not cause an increase in intracranial pressure, but biopsy is required in cases where the determination of tumor type is preferred. The patient is usually discharged a day after the brain biopsy. In microsurgery, it is aimed to remove the entire tumor. In this way, the regional effects of the tumor, but the intracranial pressure is reduced as well. If the tumor is in a sensitive area that allows vision, speech, or arm and leg movements, the operation is performed under a microscope to prevent damage to these areas during surgery.
Advanced technology minimizes the risk of surgery
High technology is used to minimize the risk of surgery. The aim of the methods used is to reduce permanent injuries while removing more tumor while preserving the intact brain tissue. The neuronavigation device enables the localization of the important structures that are located near the tumor during the surgery while determining the correct orientation to the tumor before the surgery.
With the system called neuromonitoring, the signal is received during the operation via electrodes placed in the face, arms and legs of the patient before the surgery. If the signal falls, the surgeon is informed and warned that it is in the sensitive zone. In this way, the risk of paralysis of the face or arms or legs can be greatly reduced after the surgery. In addition to these technologies, intraoperative ultrasonography and endoscopy are used in brain tumor surgery.